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Why Should You Recycle Your Car and How? The Ultimate Guide To Car Recycling

Featured image for car recycling article

Consider a few things you recycle on a daily basis. You might think of paper, cardboard, glass bottles, etc. But did you know you can recycle cars?

The most environmentally-friendly choice for transportation is opting for a bicycle, but if you need a car, recycling it when its life ends is the second-best option.

In many parts of the United States, people rely on cars for their daily commute. Over 75% of all Americans drive to work alone in their cars instead of using other means of transportation, according to Brookings. This means many also go through multiple vehicles in their lifetime — so what happens to the old ones?

Ideally, they get recycled.

But how does that work? And why is it that important that they get recycled? Read on to know.

What Is Car Recycling?

Car recycling is the process of dismantling vehicles for spare parts. And it’s not just a great practice — it’s an entire industry.

According to the Argonne National Laboratory at the University of Chicago, 6% of all vehicles in the United States are discarded each year and 25% end up in landfills.

The process of car recycling helps limit the amount of waste that ends up in landfills. For instance, statistics show 80% of a car’s makeup can be recycled. Plenty of car parts can be recycled, including:

  • Airbags
  • Batteries
  • Bumpers
  • Catalytic converters
  • Doors
  • Fenders
  • Glass
  • Plastics
  • Mats
  • Rubber
  • Seats
  • Tailgates
  • Rims
  • Wheels
  • Tires
  • Oil
  • Windows
  • Mirrors

Many of these parts are valuable and can be used as spare parts in other cars or can be repurposed. Others can be recycled in the traditional household way. But either option requires the car to be dismantled, most often at a junkyard or scrapyard.

The used car market is thriving in the United States, but old cars often need new parts. Recycling old cars for their parts keeps garbage out of a landfill and helps another car keep running longer. 

How Does Car Recycling Work?

Usually, car recycling happens at junkyards and scrap yards across the country, which often offer cash for cars at the end of their lives.

They evaluate cars and decide what can be done with them to avoid the landfill, often reselling parts to be used in other cars.

Since 20% of most vehicles cannot be recycled, cars must go through multi-step processing at a designated facility, as explained by the Algernon Sydney Foundation.

Scrap yard with vehicles stacked on top of each other
  1. First, cars are inspected. The reviewer checks the car to make sure recycling is the best worth for the car and confirms that it shouldn’t instead be repaired and sold as a used car. Usually, the cars are not able to be repaired.
  1. Next, the cars deemed ready to recycle are drained. All fluids are released from the vehicle, dangerous or unusable ones being disposed of and reusable ones (like windshield fluid, gas, oil, etc.) are saved and recycled for future use. 
  2. Then, the cars are dismantled. All usable and working parts are removed including all materials listed above, like engines, tires, airbags, batteries, etc. These parts can be sold for use in other cars after being cleaned or used as material to produce new parts.
  3. After being dismantled, the cars are crushed. At this point, usually, only the body of the car remains, which is mostly metal. The majority of the car and its metal is recycled and used for the production of new vehicles.
  4. Finally, any remaining unusable remnants of the car are discarded in a landfill.

While a small percentage of the car still ends up in a landfill, the vast majority of it is recycled and reused. Advancements are currently being made on expanding the possibilities of recycling even more materials from these cars.

Recycling metal uses almost 75% less energy than producing new metal. The Argonne National Laboratory at the University of Chicago reports that the amount of material and metal that is salvaged after crushing saves over 23 million barrels of oil from being used for production — which reduces greenhouse gases by 12 million tons per year.

What Are the Benefits of Car Recycling?

Recycling your car has benefits for the environment, the economy, and for you.

For instance, the car recycling industry contributes $25 billion per year to the national GDP. As the fourteenth largest industry in the country, car recycling keeps so many Americans employed.

A report published by the State of Washington Department of Ecology found even more environmental annual benefits, as each year car recycling saves:

  • 5 million gallons of windshield fluid;
  • 8 million gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel;
  • 8 million gallons of engine coolant;
  • 24 gallons of motor oil; and
  • 96% of all lead-acid batteries
Two hundred dollar bills with a vehicle on top of them

Beyond the environmental benefits, car recycling also keeps materials in use for longer by transferring them to other cars.

This, in turn, keeps even more cars running longer and less waste from being made.

The industry also produces steel for around 13 million new vehicles, reusing what exists instead of producing new material.

Why Should You Recycle Your Car?

If you’ve read this far and still need an incentive to recycle your car, then look no further. Many scrap yards, junkyards, and car recycling services will pay you for your old car that would otherwise be trashed.

You can help the economy, help the environment, and even put some extra money in your own pocket.

Conclusion

Planning to recycle your car is easy. Local junkyards and scrap yards can be easily found with GreenCitizen’s Green Directory. Most of these places will pay you some amount for selling them your old car and you can call to confirm.

As the years go by, recycling becomes more important with each passing moment. Maybe you are trading out your car for a sustainable option like a bicycle or public transportation, or maybe it’s just time for you to purchase a newer vehicle.

Either way, make sure you know where your old vehicle is going and how it can affect — or protect — the environment.


References

  1. https://publications.anl.gov/anlpubs/2011/02/69114.pdf
  2. https://sellmax.com/car-recycling/
  3. https://sullivanfdn.org/recycling-cars/
  4. https://apps.ecology.wa.gov/publications/documents/97433.pdf


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